Spener, Philip Jakob
- (1635–1705)Devotional Writer.Spener was born in Rappoltsweiler, Alsace, and he was educated at the University of Strasbourg. He travelled widely through Protestant Europe and in 1666 was appointed to a pastorate in Frankfurt-am-Main. He emerged as an important influence within the Pietist movement. He was an originator of the Collegia Pietatis (a regular meeting of pastors and laymen for study and prayer) and he was the author of the Pia Desideria. This sets out the fundamentals of his Pietist doctrines. Towards the end of his life he was regarded as a controversial figure. He had moved to Dresden in 1686, but he fell out with the Elector and was forced to move to Brandenberg in 1691. None the less he had a substantial following and is regarded as a significant figure in the history of German Lutheranism.F. Stoeffler, The Rise of Evangelical Pietism (1965).
Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.
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Christianity — /kris chee an i tee/, n., pl. Christianities. 1. the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. 2. Christian beliefs or practices; Christian quality or character: Christianity mixed with pagan elements; … Universalium
Protestantism — /prot euh steuhn tiz euhm/, n. 1. the religion of Protestants. 2. the Protestant churches collectively. 3. adherence to Protestant principles. [1640 50; PROTESTANT + ISM] * * * One of the three major branches of Christianity, originating in the… … Universalium
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education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… … Universalium
Lutheranism — See Lutheran. * * * Protestant movement founded on the principles of Martin Luther. Lutheranism arose at the start of the Reformation, after Luther posted his Ninety five Theses in Wittenberg. It spread through much of Germany and into… … Universalium
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